Coffee Processing Wastewater: a Great Source of Energy

cooking-with-biogas-from-coffee-processing

What do you do with your coffee waste? You may add the grounds to your compost bin, or put them directly onto your roses and other plants as a fertilizer. If you’re in the business of coffee
processing, though, you’re dealing with much more waste… particularly
wastewater. According to Dutch sustainable agriculture non-profit UTZ Certified,
every cup of coffee we drink requires 140 litres (nearly 40 gallons) of
water to process. After that water’s used, it’s full of organic
material. If it simply gets discharged into other water sources, as it
often does in the developing world, it’s not only polluting water and
putting wildlife and people at risk, but it’s also creating methane
emissions.

Not exactly the kind of guilt you want to deal with first thing in
the morning, right? Of course, the people living near these facilities
don’t want their water dirtied up, either. UTZ Certified has
been experimenting with a system that not only cleans up the water, but
turns the methane into biogas that can be used by the facility, local
farmers, and other nearby residents. After four years of testing in
nineteen pilot sites around Central America, the organization has released its results… and they look good. Among the findings:

  • The wastewater treatment was able to dispose of 80-90% of water contamination;
  • Biogas production helped reduce firewood use for local communities,
    or, in the case of the largest facilities, power portions of the
    processing machinery;
  • Carbon emissions were decreased by 8-9 tons per community because of the shift away from firewood.

Not bad for initial efforts to deal with these environmental issues.
 The experiment was als0 able to cut the amount of water needed for
processing in half.

Needless to say, UTZ Certified feels pretty good about these
findings, and is now introducing the technology into Peru and Brazil.
With more funding, the organization would love to take the wastewater
treatment system to coffee producing and processing regions in Africa
and Asia.

No doubt, developing world coffee producers need the first shot at
this technology: their options for fresh water are often limited. But
I’d love to consider the potential for coffee processing here in the
developed world, too… no doubt there’s wastewater coming from our
facilities that could be put to productive use.

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